Remember to Memoize Your Extension Attributes

TLDR; If your repository is memoizing data, it’s extension attributes should probably be doing the same.

We’ve been prepping our sites for some additional traffic and part of the process has been analysing some of our database calls looking for erroneous queries. The site is based on Magento 2 Commerce with B2B.

One of the tables with the highest throughput was company_payment. A table containing the allowed payment methods for each company within our application. Strangely, when looking at the call stack all the calls were being firing after getting a company entity from the repository. This is odd because almost every M2 repository class includes memoization for reducing database requests for the same data within a request. I did see a memoization mechanism when I looked at class source.

Below is an example of the memoization method commonly used in Magento 2 for repositories.

public function get($entityId)
    if (!isset($this->instances[$entityId])) {
        /** @var Entity $entity */
        $entity = $this->entityFactory->create();
        if (!$entity->getId()) {
            throw NoSuchEntityException::singleField('id', $entityId);
        $this->instances[$entityId] = $entity;
    return $this->instances[$entityId];

I could see the throughput was more than 2x for company_payment compared to company.

company_payment throughput

company throughput

The culprit was hiding in the call stack…

Company payments are added to the company entities as extension attributes. The after plugin on \Magento\Company\Api\CompanyRepositoryInterface::get does not include any memoization. Even though the repository was recycling the previously loaded object the after plugin did not, and was going back to the database with every call.

My temporary solution was adding a preference for the plugin and memoizing the payment method data per company. It’s a micro-optimization and probably a waste time, oh-well.